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Matera, in Southern Lucania, is a troglodyte village. Much the population lives in cave dwellings., 1948
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper
7 1/4 x 9 7/16 in. (18.42 x 23.97 cm)

Creation Place: Europe, Polish
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Gift of Michael Mattis and Judith Hochberg, in honor of Kathleen Stewart Howe
Accession Number: P2020.1.4

Europe’s Children-Italy: Matera, in Southern Lucania, is a troglodyte village, one of the largest in the world. A large part of the population lives in homes tunneled into the soft cliff rock, with chimneys sticking out of the mountain. The rooms inside these primitive houses are whitewashed. The back of the inner room is reserved for domestic animals, which must pass through the living room. The misery of these peasants is great. The people of Matera consider the caves suitable to live in, because they are warm in winter and cool in summer. But they live about four hours away from their fields. Here is a general view of the cave dwellings of Matera, 1948.

Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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  • Overall Dimensions: 7 1/4 x 9 7/16 in. (18.42 x 23.97 cm)

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