glass beads and leather
Report by R. Conn (1978) was referenced to identify this object.
Caddo moccasins were often made of one piece of soft buckskin, with triangular shapes in beadwork on the uppers. In contrast to the lane stitch tecnique commonly seen on Plains moccasins, Caddo artist used the spot stitch or appliqué technique to apply beads. Curvilinear designs, ribbons, and fabrics such as velvet were commonly used to decorate flaps. One of the most striking aspects of the artistic traditions that developed during the 19th century is the originaliry of Native beaders' interpretations of floral designs. While Euro-Americans saw Native American adoption of floral designs as an indictaion of their assimiliation, craftsmen often used the same imagery to express indigenous cultural and spiritual beliefs regaridng the importance of the natural world.
Kathleen Howe, Nuance of Sky: Edgar Heap of Birds Invites Spirit Objects to Join His Art Practice (Claremont: Pomona College Museum of Art, 2013), 23 illustrated/color.
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