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Jar

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Hohokam Artist



Jar, c. 900-1100
Earthenware and paint
3 1/4 in. x 3 1/8 in. (8.2 cm x 8 cm)

Creation Place: North America, Native American, Arizona
Technique: Hand-forming
Credit Line: Gift of Dr. E. H. Parker
Accession Number: P2658
Jar with a Gila shoulder, round base, and a narrow, slightly flared rim. Slanting red line pattern on rim. Decorated with three horizontal rows of buff scrolls on red. Red on Hohokam buffware. Sacaton phase.

Materials
clay, slip and paint

Bibliography
Kay Koeninger and Joanne M. Mack, "Native American Art from the Permanent Collection" (Claremont: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, 1979), 62, fig. 176.
Haury 1976, P. 250, fig. 12.106.

Commentary
Within the Hohokam ceramic tradition, the pottery of the Sacaton phase (A.D. 900-1150) exhibits the greatest diversity of vessel shape and size. The prevalence of large containers probably reflects a period of suplus crop production and population increase. Design is more flamboyant during this phase, but workmanship is undisciplinced, especially during the latter part of the period. It is evident that Hohokam ceramics were in a state of flux, with quality giving way to quantity. The scroll form and its variations on this motif are found in Hohokam ceramics of all periods. The sharp turn of the vessel at the base, called the "Gila shoulder," indicates that the piece is Sacaton style.
-from the Native American Art from the Permanent Collection catalog, 1979

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