Skip to Content ☰ Open Filter >>


Showing 11 of 25

Sioux Artist

Bag with Powder Horn, c. 1880-1889
Beads on leather
28 5/16 x 10 in. (71.97 x 25.4 cm)

Creation Place: North America, Native American
Technique: Leatherworking
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Edward H. Angle
Accession Number: P2159
U-shaped buckskin bag with a flap closing and thong fringe edging. A horn hangs from thongs attached under the flap. Front beaded with a band of stripes on a blue background. European shot bag made with Indian materials and technique.

glass beads and leather

Although this object shows no evidence of use and may have been made as a trade item, it is like those used for hunting or warfare in the 1880s. The horn served as a canister for an immediate reserve supply of gunpowder.Ox horn was the most commonly used material for these containers, but buffalo horn was also used. When the horn had been scraped smooth and thin, the large end was closed permanently, usually with a piece of hardwood. A tight-fitting but removable piece of wood was fashioned for the small end. In addition to shot, the bag served to hold accessories, such as a bullet mold, gun screw, wiper, and awl. The geometric cross in a traditional Sioux color combination of red, white and blue recalls the four sacred directions in Sioux culture, while the form of the bag recalls contemporary European shot bags.

Kathleen Howe, Nuance of Sky: Edgar Heap of Birds Invites Spirit Objects to Join His Art Practice (Claremont: Pomona College Museum of Art, 2013), 4 illustrated/color.

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:

  • Overall Dimensions: 28 5/16 x 10 in. (71.97 x 25.4 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen

Bibliography List
This object has the following bibliographic references:
  • Nuance of Sky. Nuance of Sky Pomona College Museum of Art. Claremont, 2013
    Page Number: 4

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios:

Your current search criteria is: Portfolio is "Sioux" and [Object]Century is "19th c".

The content on this website is subject to change as collection records are researched and refined and may be subject to copyright restrictions.
For further inquiries, contact Associate Director/Registrar Steve Comba at