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California Baskets

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Hupa Artist

Basket Hat, c. 1900
Grass and wood
3 9/16 in. x 7 5/16 in. (9 cm x 18.5 cm)

Creation Place: North America, Native American, California
Technique: Basketmaking (Twining)
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. Levi Chubbuck
Accession Number: P1096
Restricted hemispherical basket with rounded base. Imbricate yellow trapezoids and black crosses on brown twined background.

squaw grass, hazel, deciduous tree root, pine root, maidenhair fern

The Hupa and their neighbors, the Yurok and Karok, had very strict ideas as to what constituted a well-made hat. This example does not satisfy the tradtitional criteria as it employs an untraditional cross motif and uses lattice twining to divide the three design zones. However, the other design elements are traditional: the parallelograms are called "set upon one another" and the triangles are "rattlesnake nose."
-from the Native American Art from the Permanent Collection catalog, 1979

Kay Koeninger and Joanne M. Mack, "Native American Art from the Permanent Collection" (Claremont: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, 1979), 87, fig. 298.

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