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Edgar Heap of Birds, Spring 2013

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Sioux Artist



Bag with Powder Horn, c. 1880-1889
Beads on leather
7 7/8 in. x 10 1/16 in. (20 cm x 25.56 cm)

Creation Place: North America, Native American
Technique: Leatherworking
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Edward H. Angle
Accession Number: P2159
U-shaped buckskin bag with a flap closing and thong fringe edging. A horn hangs from thongs attached under the flap. Front beaded with a band of stripes on a blue background. European shot bag made with Indian materials and technique.

Materials
glass beads and leather

Commentary
Although this object shows no evidence of use and may have been made as a trade item, it is like those used for hunting or warfare in the 1880s. The horn served as a canister for an immediate reserve supply of gunpowder.Ox horn was the most commonly used material for these containers, but buffalo horn was also used. When the horn had been scraped smooth and thin, the large end was closed permanently, usually with a piece of hardwood. A tight-fitting but removable piece of wood was fashioned for the small end. In addition to shot, the bag served to hold accessories, such as a bullet mold, gun screw, wiper, and awl. The geometric cross in a traditional Sioux color combination of red, white and blue recalls the four sacred directions in Sioux culture, while the form of the bag recalls contemporary European shot bags.

Bibliography
Kathleen Howe, Nuance of Sky: Edgar Heap of Birds Invites Spirit Objects to Join His Art Practice (Claremont: Pomona College Museum of Art, 2013), 4 illustrated/color.

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Bibliography List
This object has the following bibliographic references:
  • Nuance of Sky. Nuance of Sky Pomona College Museum of Art. Claremont, 2013
    Page Number: 4

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Your current search criteria is: Portfolio is "Edgar Heap of Birds, Spring 2013" and [Object]Century is "19th c" and [Object]Object Type is "Weapons".




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