Outreach Program 2020
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Silver Horn (aka Haungooah)(1860 - 1940)
Hide Painting, c. 1910
Ink on leather
52 13/16 x 41 7/8 in. (134.14 x 106.36 cm)
ink and color on hide
Candace S. Greene, Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowas (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001), 156-157 and 269-270 (illustrated/b&w p. 157).
Rebecca McGrew, Barbara Benish: Hybrid Histories (Claremont: Montgomery Gallery, 2000) 9 illustrated/b&w.
Kay Koeninger and Joanne M. Mack, Native American Art from the Permanent Collection (Claremont: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, 1979), 49 (illustrated/bw) fig. 138.
R. Conn, Denver Art Museum--see materials mentioned in 'Plains Indian Painting,' Edition Szeedzicki, Nice, c. 1930.
Dockstader, Indian Art in America, Greenwich, Conn., 1962."
"Attributed to Silverhorn by John C. Ewers, Curator, Smithsonian Institution, 1981."
The art of hide painting has been practiced on the Plains from the earliest times; Coronado mentioned it in 1540 during his expedition. It was a distinctly male art form, used for buffalo hide robers and tipi covers for the celebration of acts of bravery, self-sacrifice, and generosity. SInce the status of men in Plains society was principally established by military achievements, scenes of war exploits were the mist important subjects of hide painting . Among the Sioux, a form of history called the "winter count," consisting of an event from each winter of a man's life, was arranged spirally or linearly on the hide. The early sparse and pictographic style of hide painting developed into a more realistic and detailed format, reaching its height during the years 1860-1900.
Before the advent of the white trader, circa 1880, pigments for painting were obtained from such sources as oxides, charcoals, vegetables, and berries; religious ritual often accompained the preparation of vertain prized colors. The extermination of the buffalo in the late 19th century forced the painters to substitute cowhide, canvas and muslin for buffalo hide; after the 1870s ledger paper obtained from traders and government quartermasters was used Hide painting was one of the sources for the modern school of Plains painting.
-from the Native American Art from the Permanent Collection catalog, 1979
This object has the following keywords:
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
- A Restless Country: Selections from the Permanent Collection , 10/31/2009 - 12/19/2009
- Known and Understood: Selections from the Permanent Collection Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College , 2/1/2022 - 6/25/2022
- Overall Dimensions: 52 13/16 x 41 7/8 in. (134.14 x 106.36 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen
- Frame Dimensions: 47 1/16 x 56 1/8 x 3 in. (119.54 x 142.56 x 7.62 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen
This object has the following bibliographic references:
Native American Art from the Permanent Collection.
Native American Art from the Permanent Collection
Galleries of the Claremont Colleges.
Claremont, CA, 1979
Page Number: 49, Figure Number: 138
Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowas.
Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowas
University of Oklahoma Press.
Norman, OK, 2001
Page Number: 157-157, 269-270
Barbara Benish: Hybrid Histories.
Barbara Benish: Hybrid Histories
Claremont, CA, 2000
Page Number: 9
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