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Sioux Artist



Saddle Carrying Bag, c. 1870
Beads and quills on leather
14 9/16 in. x 21 1/4 in. (36.99 cm x 53.98 cm)

Creation Place: North America, Native American
Technique: Leatherworking, beadworking and quillworking
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Edward H. Angle
Accession Number: P2106
Large, flat, envelope-like bag. Made of buffalo hide. Three rows of red, white, blue, and yellow rectangular beadwork. Horizontal rows of red quillwork across the main body.

Materials
glass beads and leather

Bibliography
Kay Koeninger and Joanne M. Mack, "Native American Art from the Permanent Collection" (Claremont: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, 1979), 47, fig. 132.
See Wissler, 1904, fig. 77.

Attribution
See R. Conn report (1978).

Commentary
Red lines or stripes often decorated articles used and worn by Sioux women, particularly their bags. During female puberty rites, red lines painted on the initiates' face symbolized her fertility, and there probably was symbolic meaning when the design was used for women's clothing. Soft leather bags such as this were indispensable in the organization of a nomadic Plains household, serving as saddle bags and as containers inside the tipi. They were considered the exlusive property of women.
-from the Native American Art from the Permanent Collection catalog, 1979

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