Matera, in Southern Lucania, is a troglodyte village. Much the population lives in cave dwellings.,
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper
7 1/4 x 9 7/16 in. (18.42 x 23.97 cm)
Gift of Michael Mattis and Judith Hochberg, in honor of Kathleen Stewart Howe
Europe’s Children-Italy: Matera, in Southern Lucania, is a troglodyte village, one of the largest in the world. A large part of the population lives in homes tunneled into the soft cliff rock, with chimneys sticking out of the mountain. The rooms inside these primitive houses are whitewashed. The back of the inner room is reserved for domestic animals, which must pass through the living room. The misery of these peasants is great. The people of Matera consider the caves suitable to live in, because they are warm in winter and cool in summer. But they live about four hours away from their fields. Here is a general view of the cave dwellings of Matera, 1948.
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