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At left, a view of the invasion of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands showing a dead Japanese soldier in his foxhole. At right, obviously-tired Marines crouch behind a Japanese pill box for a hurried drink., November 1943 - November 1944
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper

Creation Place: Oceania
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, Fernando Barnuevo and Gloria Ybarra
Accession Number: P2020.6.28

Provenance
Purchased by the Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College on August 12, 2020 from Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.

Commentary
Marines Land at Bougainville: Left - A view of the invasion of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, showing a dead Japanese soldier lying face down in the foxhole from which he sought to mow down American Marines. Right - Mud-splattered and obviously tired Marines crouch behind a Japanese pill box for a hurried and refreshing drink.

The Bougainville campaign was a series of land and naval battles of the Pacific Campaign of World War II between Allied forces and the Empire of Japan. It was named after the island of Bougainville. It was part of Operation Cartwheel, the Allied grand strategy in the South Pacific. The campaign took place in the Northern Solomons in two phases. The first phase, in which American troops landed and held the perimeter around the beachhead at Torokina, lasted from November 1943 through November 1944.

Technique
Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Marks
On recto: Label in bottom right corner, "DISPATCH / PHOTO NEWS / SERVICE / INC. / NEW YORK".

On verso: Typewritten label attached in center, "MARINES LAND AT BOUGAINVILLE / Left - A view of the invasion of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, showing a dead / Jap lying face down in the foxhole from which he sought to mow down the American / Marines. Right - Mud-splattered and obviously tired Marines crouch behind a Jap pill / box for a hurried and refreshing drink. Produced Exclusively by Dispatch Photo News Service, New York City". Handwritten in graphite in top left corner, "DP-WW2-028".

Materials
Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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