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United States Navy Photographer



Navy chaplain W. S. Brown of Toledo, Ohio holds divine service for the crewmen of a submarine as it travels under the waters of the Pacific, 1941-1945
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper

Creation Place: Oceania, American
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, Fernando Barnuevo and Gloria Ybarra
Accession Number: P2020.6.56

Provenance
Purchased by the Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College on August 12, 2020 from Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.

Commentary
Divine Service Under the Sea: This is one of the most unusual pictures of the war, taken aboard a U.S. submarine. A Navy chaplain holds divine services for the crew while the craft travels beneath the waters of the Pacific. The chaplain, W. S. Brown, an Episcopal minister from Toledo, Ohio, was a passenger aboard the sub on his way to a new station in the Pacific. He held the service at the request of the crewmen. Undersea fighters do not ordinarily carry chaplains. Official U.S. Navy Photo.

Technique
Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Marks
On recto: Label in bottom right corner, "DISPATCH / PHOTO NEWS / SERVICE / INC. / NEW YORK".

On verso: Typewritten label attached in center, "DIVINE SERVICE UNDER THE SEA / One of the most unusual pictures of the war is this one, made aboard a U.S. submarine as a Navy chaplain / holds divine services for the crew while the craft went on its way beneath the waters of the Pacific. / The chaplain, W. S. Brown, an Episcopal minister from Toledo, Ohio, was a passenger aboard the sub / on his way to a new station in the Pacific. He held the service at the request of the crewmen. Under- / sea fighters do not ordinarily carry chaplains. Produced Exclusively by Dispatch Photo News Service, New York City Official U. S. Navy Photo". Handwritten in graphite in top left corner, "DP-WW2-056".

Materials
Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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