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Italo-Byzantine Artist



Crucifixion, c. 1380-1490
Tempera on panel
54 5/16 x 31 7/8 in. (137.95 x 80.96 cm)

Creation Place: Europe, Italo-Byzantine
Technique: Painting
Credit Line: Gift of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1961
Accession Number: P61.1.3

Commentary
The grief-stricken figures of Mary and Saint John flank the figure of Christ in this Crucifixion scene. With her anguished gaze directed downward, the Mourning Virgin holds one hand to her cheek and, with the other, gestures toward her son. Saint John also gestures toward Christ, but he appears more pensive; one hand on his chin, his gaze meets that of the viewer, encouraging us to observe this tragic moment. The background is divided horizontally, the lower half resembling a wall, the upper half, sky. In the upper reaches of the panel, above the arms of the cross, two weeping angels reflect upon the scene, heightening the impact of the image.

This 14th-century panel blends characteristics of both Italian and Byzantine traditions. While the angels are Italianate in style, the gold ground, flattened space, and stylized figures are common to Byzantine art, which flourished in Venice at the time. Although the identity of this artist is unknown, it is likely that he was Venetian.

Provenance
Acquired by the Kress Foundation in 1930. Donated by the Kress Foundation to the Metropolitan Musuem of Art in April 1932; returned in 1961. Donated by the Kress Foundation to Pomona College in 1961.

Related Objects
A box of Xrays of the Kress Collection is on Shelf G in the Vault (6/5/2018).

Bibliography
Henry B. Wehle, The Metropolitan Museum of Art: a Catalogue of Italian, Spanish and Byzantine Paintings (New York, 1940), 2.
Art Journal, 1962, figure 11.

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Dimensions
  • Sight Dimensions: 54 5/16 x 31 7/8 in. (137.95 x 80.96 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen
  • Frame Dimensions: 61 1/2 x 39 1/8 in. (156.21 x 99.38 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen

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Your current search criteria is: Keyword is "HQ" and [Object]Century is "14th c".




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For further inquiries, contact Associate Director/Registrar Steve Comba at steven.comba@pomona.edu.