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Unknown Photographer



White school kids walk past state troopers and enter West End High in Birmingham, Alabama, September 1963
Vintage wire photograph on paper
6 13/16 x 9 3/8 in. (17.3 x 23.81 cm)

Creation Place: North America
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis and Judy Hochberg in honor of Myrlie Evers-Williams.
Accession Number: P2021.13.309

Commentary
The Door is Open: White school kids walk past state troopers and enter West End High in Birmingham, Alabama. The school, scheduled to be integrated, was closed by Governor George Wallace. He opened it today by executive order, but on a segregated basis.

Bibliography
Associated Press ID#6309090188

Marks
On recto: typewritten title and date.
On verso: manuscript title and Associated Press stamp.

Materials
Wire photographs were originally transmitted over phonelines, then later, by satellite. They were first used in the early 1920s. Associated Press became a leader with this. After pigment touch-ups, etc., the print is put into a drum (like a drum scanner). The image gets converted into audio tones that are transmitted. The tones are received and beamed onto photo-sensitive paper. Wire photographs are copies without originals---they are hybrid, transmitted objects. (Britt Salvesen, Curator and Department Head, Photography Department, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, March 30-31, 2022)

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Dimensions
  • Image Dimensions: 6 13/16 x 9 3/8 in. (17.3 x 23.81 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen
  • Sheet Dimensions: 8 1/16 x 10 in. (20.48 x 25.4 cm) Measured by Hudson, Karen


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