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Sentries of the famous "Rainbow" Division patrol the waterfront at Niederbreisig on the Rhine, 1918-1919
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper

Creation Place: Europe, American
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, Fernando Barnuevo and Gloria Ybarra
Accession Number: P2020.6.478

Purchased by the Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College on August 12, 2020 from Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.

The Yankee "Watch On the Rhine"! Sentries of the famous "Rainbow" Division patrol the waterfront at Niederbreisig on the Rhine. They have fulfilled the prophecy and boast of the American Doughboys that would some day stand guard on the River Rhine.

The 42nd Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army National Guard that came to be known as the "Rainbow Division". When the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, it federalized National Guard divisions to quickly build up an Army. In addition, Major Douglas MacArthur suggested to William A. Mann, the head of the Militia Bureau, that he form another division from the non-divisional units of several states. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker approved the proposal, and recalled Douglas MacArthur saying that such an organization would "stretch over the whole country like a rainbow". The division was created using units from 26 states and the District of Columbia. The name stuck, and MacArthur was promoted to colonel as the Division Chief of Staff.

Credited in plate with typeset credit and title on label affixed to verso.

Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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