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Unknown Photographer



The deck of the Russian battleship Marat is filled with infantrymen in recent maneuvers, March 1940
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper

Creation Place: Asia
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted Gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, and Daniel Mattis, in honor of Kathleen Stewart Howe
Accession Number: P2019.21.885

Commentary
The deck of the Russian battleship Marat is filled with infantrymen in recent maneuvers, March 1940.

The Russian battleship Petropavlovsk (Russian: Петропавловск) was the third of the four Gangut-class dreadnoughts built before World War I for the Imperial Russian Navy. This was the first Russian class of dreadnoughts. The ship was completed during the winter of 1914–1915 but was not ready for combat until mid-1915. Later, her crew joined the Kronstadt Rebellion of 1921, and she was renamed Marat after the rebellion was crushed. Marat was reconstructed from 1928 to 1931 and represented the Soviet Union at the Coronation Naval Review at Spithead in 1937. When the Germans invaded on June 22, 1941 she was in Kronstadt. She provided gunfire support to Soviet troops in September as the Germans approached Leningrad. Later that month the Marat suffered two hits by 2,200-pound bombs, dropped from a Ju 87 Stuka piloted by Hans Ulrich Rudel. This detonated her forward magazine. The Marat's bow was blown off, and she sank in shallow water.

Technique
Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Materials
Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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