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United States Navy Photographer

U.S. Marines search a Japanese officer for concealed weapons as he comes aboard the USS Missouri, prior to entry of the Third Fleet into Sangami and Tokyo Bays, August 28, 1945
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper
9 5/16 x 7 1/2 in. (23.65 x 19.05 cm)

Creation Place: Asia, American
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted Gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, and Daniel Mattis, in honor of Kathleen Stewart Howe
Accession Number: P2019.21.529

U.S. Marines “Frisk” Japanese Aboard USS Missouri: U.S. Marines “frisk” a Japanese officer for concealed weapons as he comes aboard the USS Missouri for conferences on August 27, prior to the entry of the Third Fleet into Sangami and Tokyo Bays. Members of Admiral William H. Halsey’s staff conferred with the Japanese on charts of the areas August 28, 1945.

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced by Emperor Hirohito on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was incapable of conducting major operations, and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. Together with the British Empire and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction". While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, Japan's leaders - the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, also known as the "Big Six" - were privately making entreaties to the still-neutral Soviet Union to mediate peace on terms that were more favorable to the Japanese. The Soviets maintained a sufficient level of diplomatic engagement with the Japanese to give them the impression they might be willing to mediate. However, the Soviets covertly prepared to attack Japanese forces in Manchuria and Korea, as well as South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, to fulfill secret promises they had made to the U.S. and United Kingdom at the Tehran and Yalta Conferences. On August 28, the occupation of Japan began, led by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. The surrender ceremony was held on September 2, aboard the U.S. Navy battleship USS Missouri. Officials from the Japanese government signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, thereby ending hostilities. Allied civilians and military personnel alike celebrated V-J Day, the end of the war. However, isolated soldiers and personnel from Japan's far-flung forces throughout Asia and the Pacific refused to surrender for months and years afterwards, some even refusing into the 1970s. The role of the atomic bombings in Japan's unconditional surrender, and the ethics of the two attacks, is still debated. The state of war formally ended when the Treaty of San Francisco came into force on April 28, 1952. Four more years passed before Japan and the Soviet Union signed the Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, which formally brought an end to their state of war.

Sheet: 9 7/8 x 8

Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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  • Image Dimensions: 9 5/16 x 7 1/2 in. (23.65 x 19.05 cm)

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