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Peace delegates in session in La Salon de L'Horloge in Paris. The French Minister of Foreign Affairs is speaking, with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson seated at his left., January 1919
Vintage ferrotyped gelatin silver print on paper

Creation Place: Europe, American
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis, Judy Hochberg, Fernando Barnuevo and Gloria Ybarra
Accession Number: P2020.6.110

Provenance
Purchased by the Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College on August 12, 2020 from Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.

Commentary
Peace Conference Deciding World Questions! This is the first photograph that shows the peace delegates in session in La Salon de L'Horloge. The French Minister of Foreign Affairs is speaking. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson is seated at his left.

On January 18, 1919 in Paris, France, some of the most powerful people in the world met to begin the long, complicated negotiations that would officially mark the end of the First World War. Leaders of the victorious Allied powers–France, Great Britain, the United States and Italy– would make most of the crucial decisions in Paris over the next six months. For most of the conference, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson struggled to support his idea of a “peace without victory” and make sure that Germany, the leader of the Central Powers and the major loser of the war, was not treated too harshly. On the other hand, Prime Ministers Georges Clemenceau of France and David Lloyd George of Britain argued that punishing Germany adequately and ensuring its weakness was the only way to justify the immense costs of the war. In the end, Wilson compromised on the treatment of Germany in order to push through the creation of his pet project, an international peacekeeping organization called the League of Nations. Representatives from Germany were excluded from the peace conference until May, when they arrived in Paris and were presented with a draft of the Versailles Treaty.

Marks
On recto: Clear label attached near bottom left corner, "Photograph from / Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. / From Elliott Service Co., N. Y."

On verso: Typewritten label attached in center, "PEACE CONFERENCE DECIDING WORLD QUESTIONS! / This is the first photograph that shows the Peace / delegates in session in La Salon de L'Horloge. The / French Minister of Foreign Affairs is speaking. / President Wilson is seated at his left. / UNDERWOOD & UNDERWOOD NEWS PHOTOGRAPHS ELLIOTT SERVICE CO. EXCLUSIVE DISTRIBUTORS 141-145 West 36th St., NEW YORK B 1769". Handwritten in graphite in top left corner, "UU-020".

Technique
Ferrotyped prints are processed in such a way that they are shiny. The print has a sensitive surface, usually thinner, because it was put through a press while still wet.

Materials
Ferrotyped prints have a sensitive surface, usually shiny and thinner, because they are put through a press while still wet. Ferrotyping makes the surface of the photograph smoother. Light does not scatter as much on a smoother surface, so this increases contrast. That makes ferrotyped images better for press photography.

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