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Unknown Photographer



Congress of Racial Equality National Director James Farmer reports that CORE will seek to bar seating of Mississippi and Louisiana delegations to the Democratic National Convention, June 8, 1964
Vintage wire photograph with applied pigment on paper
9 3/8 x 5 1/4 in. (23.81 x 13.34 cm)

Creation Place: North America
Technique: Photography
Credit Line: Restricted gift of Michael Mattis and Judy Hochberg in honor of Myrlie Evers-Williams.
Accession Number: P2021.13.179

Commentary
Would Bar Delegates: Congress of Racial Equality National Director James Farmer reports that CORE will seek to bar seating of Mississippi and Louisiana delegations to the Democratic National Convention. At a Chicago press conference, Farmer outlined a summer action program in those two states and Chicago.

James Leonard Farmer, Jr. (1920-1999) was a Civil Rights activist and leader in the Civil Rights Movement "who pushed for nonviolent protest to dismantle segregation, and served alongside Martin Luther King, Jr." He was the initiator and organizer of the first Freedom Ride in 1961, which eventually led to the desegregation of interstate transportation in the United States. In 1942, Farmer co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality in Chicago along with George Houser, James R. Robinson, Samuel E. Riley, Bernice Fisher, Homer Jack, and Joe Guinn. It was later called the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), and was dedicated to ending racial segregation in the United States through nonviolence. Farmer served as the National cChairman from 1942 to 1944. By the 1960s, Farmer was known as "one of the Big Four Civil Rights leaders in the 1960s, together with King, NAACP Chief Roy Wilkins and Urban League head Whitney Young".

Bibliography
Variant illustrated: Associated Press ID #640608090

Marks
On recto: typewritten title and date.
On verso: date stamp.

Materials
Wire photographs were originally transmitted over phonelines, then later, by satellite. They were first used in the early 1920s. Associated Press became a leader with this. After pigment touch-ups, etc., the print is put into a drum (like a drum scanner). The image gets converted into audio tones that are transmitted. The tones are received and beamed onto photo-sensitive paper. Wire photographs are copies without originals---they are hybrid, transmitted objects. (Britt Salvesen, Curator and Department Head, Photography Department, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, March 30-31, 2022)

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Dimensions
  • Image Dimensions: 9 3/8 x 5 1/4 in. (23.81 x 13.34 cm) Measured by Cornejo-Reynoso, Aitzin
  • Sheet Dimensions: 10 x 8 1/16 in. (25.4 x 20.48 cm) Measured by Cornejo-Reynoso, Aitzin


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