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Cover thumbnail for Los Desastres de la Guerra Los Desastres de la Guerra

In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself Emperor of France; in 1808 he invaded Spain. Sending the royal family into exile, he installed his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. This action incensed the native populace and precipitated the Spanish War of Independence. Between 1808 and 1813, Spaniards fought a guerrilla war against the greatest army in Europe to free themselves from French domination. From the beginning of the War until about 1820, Goya worked on the 80 prints he would call Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Disasters of War). Rather than depicting heroic soldiers and scenes of glorious battle, Goya produced stark, sobering images of brutality, slaughter and misery. His images exposed the horror of war, from the ferocity of village fighting (plates 2-27) to the terrible famine that ravaged Madrid in 1811-12, claiming 20,000 lives (plates 48-64). In the "caprichos emphaticos" (plates 65-80) the artist comments on the war's political, religious, and ideological aspects and ramifications. With a stark intensity unprecedented in the history of art, these prints convey the barbarity and futility of war. No one is spared from man's inhumanity toward man, and no death is glorious. Los Desastres de la Guerra were not published during Goya's lifetime, possibly because the artist feared that some of the prints were politically dangerous or, perhaps, because he knew that the nation was too tired of war to be responsive. The prints finally appeared in 1863, revealing a theme that would continue to be expressed in the art of the twentieth century: the suffering of civilians when war is no longer confined to the battlefield.

Showing 51 to 75 of 83 Records

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Title Artist Medium & Support Creation Date
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 50, Madre infeliz! (Unhappy mother!)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 51, Gracias á la almorta (Thanks to the millet)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 52, No llegan á tiempo (They do not arrive in time)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and drypoint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 53, Espiró sin remedio (He died without help)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 54, Clamores en vano (Appeals are in vain)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 55, Lo peor es pedir (The worst is to beg)   Goya, Francisco de   Drypoint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 56, Al cemeterio (To the cemetery)   Goya, Francisco de   Drypoint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 57, Sanos y enfermos (The healthy and the sick)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 58, No hay que dar voces (It's no use crying out)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 59, De qué sirve una taza? (What good in one bowl?)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 60, No hay quien los socorra (There is no one to help them)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 61, Si son de otro linage (Perhaps they are of another breed)   Goya, Francisco de   Drypoint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 62, Las camas de la muerte (The beds of death)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 63, Muertos recogidos (Harvest of the dead)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 64, Carretadas al cemeterio (Cartloads to the cemetery)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 65, Qué alboroto es este? (What is this commotion?)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 66, Extraña devocion! (Strange devotion!)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 67, Esta no lo es menos (This is no less so)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 68, Que locura! (What madness!)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 69, Nada. Ello dirá. (Nothing. The event will tell.)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching and aquatint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 70, No saben el camino (They don't know the way)   Goya, Francisco de   Drypoint on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 71, Contra el bien general (Against the common good)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 72, Las resultas (The consequences)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 73, Gatesca pantomima (Feline pantomime)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 
Los Desastres de la Guerra, 1st edition, plate 74, Esto es lo peor! (That is the worst!)   Goya, Francisco de   Etching on paper  1863 

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For further inquiries, contact Associate Director/Registrar Steve Comba at steven.comba@pomona.edu.